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三大从句汇总——宾语从句04
发布时间:2016-06-26 15:33:13   来源:   评论:0 关注:

否定转移和宾语从句的简化

 1. 否定转移
在主从复合句中,当主句的主语为第一人称,谓语动词是think, believe, suppose等时,要将从句的否定词转移到主句中,即主句的谓语动词用否定式,而从句的谓语动词用肯定式。
如:I don't think he will come with you.
我认为他不会和你一起来。
I don't think I could lift it.
我想我提不动它。
I don't believe that he will come.
我认为他不会来。
 2. 宾语从句的简化
(1) 当宾语从句的主语和主句的主语相同,且主句的谓语动词是hope, wish, decide, agree, choose等时,从句可简化为不定式结构。
如:I hope that I can receive your e­mail.
=I hope to receive your e­mail.
我希望能收到你的电子邮件。
(2) 当宾语从句的主语和主句的主语相同,且主句的谓语动词是know, remember, forget, learn等时,从句可简化为“疑问词+不定式”结构。
如:She doesn't know what she should do next.
=She doesn't know what to do next.
她不知道下一步该做什么。
(3) 当主句的谓语动词是ask, tell, show, teach等,且宾语从句的主语和主句的间接宾语一致时,从句可简化为“疑问词+不定式”结构。
如:Will you please show me how I can work it out?
=Will you please show me how to work it out?
请你告诉我怎样把它解答出来好吗?
(4) 宾语从句可以简化为名词或名词短语。
如:I don't believe what Tom said.
=l don't believe Tom's words.
我不相信Tom所说的话。

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