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易混知识点——名词
发布时间:2016-06-18 10:51:37   来源:   评论:0 关注:

 容易混淆的名词

[考试说明] 了解名词在句中所充当的成分,理解并能区别所学的可数名词和不可数名词;熟练掌握所学可数名词复数形式的构成,在口语和书面语的表达中正确运用;掌握物质名词及其数量的表达方法;了解专有名词的概念及一般用法;熟练掌握所学名词所有格的用法;了解集合名词和抽象名词的概念及一般用法。
 1. job, work
[误] I'm busy today, for I have a lot of jobs to do.
[正] I'm busy today, for I have a lot of work to do.
job意思是a piece of work,指已做或要做、应做的具体的某种工作,实际含义是“职业”,而work通常指抽象意义上的工作,是不可数名词,也可指“工作场所”。
 2. by train, change trains
[误] We came here by the train.
[正] We came here by train.
[正] We came here on/in the train.
[误] We have to change the train at the next station.
[正] We have to change trains at the next station.
train意思是“火车”,表示“乘火车”,用by train或on/the train;表示“换火车”,用change trains,train必须用复数形式,且前面不加限定词。

相关热词搜索:知识点 名词 易混
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